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Eu meisterschaft 2019

Eu Meisterschaft 2019 Das war die Europameisterschaft in Bonn und Solingen

Die Endrunde der UFußball-Europameisterschaft fand vom bis Juni erstmals in Italien und San Marino statt. Als Gastgeber war die Mannschaft aus Italien für die Runde der letzten zwölf Teams qualifiziert. EM-Qualifikation / - Ergebnisse u. Tabelle: alle Paarungen und Termine der Runde. EM-Qualifikation / Aktuelle Meldungen, Termine und Ergebnisse, Tabelle, Mannschaften, Torjäger. Die Liga auf einen Blick. Als Europameisterschaft oder EM bezeichnet man folgende Europameisterschaften, die im Jahr stattfinden sollen. Die Endrunde der UFußball-Europameisterschaft fand vom bis Juni erstmals in Italien und San Marino statt. Als Gastgeber war die.

eu meisterschaft 2019

Alle Spiele, Ergebnisse und Tabellen vom 5 der UEuropameisterschaft - kicker. Europameisterschaft Der mazedonische Schachverband ist Gastgeber der Europaeinzelmeisterschaft Das Turnier findet in Skopje statt. EM Damen Europameisterschaft der Damen wird in einem spannenden P.. Die Team-Europameisterschaften gehen in die Geschichte des.

This will allow the Commission to draft and submit its report on progress in developing the electronic systems to the European Parliament and to the Council at the end of each year.

The Member States should also inform the Commission immediately of substantial changes in their IT planning. However, given the reporting obligation provided in Article a 4 , it is no longer necessary to require the Member States to send information 6 months before the deployment of a new electronic system.

The electronic systems referred to in the work programme should be managed, prepared and developed as established in the MASP-C.

Where the work programme allows the Member States to choose to deploy a trans-European or national electronic system within a given period i.

The end date of deployment should also be the end of the period of the transitional measures related to that electronic system.

These deployment windows are necessary to implement the systems at Union level, taking into account the needs of each system. Different rules concerning deployment windows should apply to the customs project on pre-arrival security and safety ICS2.

In this case, all Member States should be ready to deploy each release of the project at the start date for the release, while economic operators should be given, with the agreement of the Member States, a possibility to connect within the deployment window.

The deployment windows for the migration of national electronic systems should be adapted to the national project and migration plans of Member States and should take into account their specific national IT environments and circumstances.

The end dates of deployment of national electronic systems should also bring to an end the periods of the transitional measures related to those electronic systems.

Communication on the changes needed is to be provided between 12 and 24 months before deployment of a particular system, if necessary due to the scope and nature of that system.

For minor changes, that period may be shorter. The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the Customs Code Committee,.

The Commission and the Member States shall cooperate in the implementation of the work programme. The Member States shall develop and deploy the relevant electronic systems within the dates of the relevant deployment windows laid down in the work programme.

The projects specified in the work programme and the preparation and implementation of the related electronic systems shall be managed in a manner consistent with the work programme and the multi-annual strategic plan for customs.

The Commission shall undertake to seek common understanding and agreement with the Member States on the project scope, design, requirements and architecture of the electronic systems when initiating the projects of the work programme.

Where relevant, the Commission shall also consult with and take into account the views of economic operators.

This applies particularly to the availability of commonly agreed specifications and the practical operational launch of the electronic systems.

The Commission and the Member States shall share information on planning and on progress in implementing each of the systems.

Member States shall inform the Commission immediately of any important updates in their national project and migration plans.

Member States shall make the technical specifications related to the external communication of the national electronic system available to economic operators in a timely manner.

This Decision shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Work programme relating to the development and deployment of the electronic systems provided for in the Union Customs Code.

For the purposes of point b , the date shall be the same as the start date if no actual window is envisaged for migration or deployment.

The following national systems or specific national components are covered by the first paragraph:.

The approach in this case is different, however, since all Member States are expected to be ready at the same time for each release at the start of each deployment window.

Moreover, where deemed appropriate, Member States may allow the economic operators to gradually connect to the system until the end of the deployment window provided for each of the releases.

Member States must publish, in coordination with the Commission, the deadlines and instructions for economic operators on their website. The projects will be rolled out in different phases, from preparation and development to construction, testing, migration and final operation.

The role of the Commission and the Member States in these different phases will depend on the nature and architecture of the system and its components or services, as described in the detailed project fiches of the MASP-C.

Where appropriate, common technical specifications will be defined by the Commission in close cooperation with, and subject to review by, the Member States, with a view to finalising them 24 months before the target date of deployment of the electronic system.

Any changes need to be communicated to the economic operators between 12 and 24 months before deployment of a particular system, if necessary due to the scope and nature of the change, to allow the economic operators to plan and adjust their systems and interfaces.

The activities will be carried out in compliance with the milestones and dates stated in the work programme. The Commission and the Member States will also collaborate with economic operators and other stakeholders.

The economic operators will have to take the steps necessary to enable them to make use of the systems once in place, and no later than the end dates defined in this work programme or, where applicable, defined by the Member States as part of their national plans.

List of projects related to the development and deployment of electronic systems required for the application of the Code.

The project aims to make available up-to-date information on registered exporters established in Generalised Scheme of Preference GSP countries exporting goods to the Union.

The system is trans-European and also includes data about EU economic operators, for the purpose of supporting exports to GSP countries.

The required data was inserted into the system in a gradual manner until 31 December The project aims to provide an upgrade of the existing trans-European EBTI-3 system to ensure the following:.

The first phase step 1 provides functionality to gradually receive the UCC-required declaration dataset from 1 March until the implementation of the projects listed in points 10 by 1 December at the latest and 14 by 31 December at the latest.

Step 2 fulfils the BTI usage control obligation on the basis of the newly required declaration dataset and the alignment with the customs decisions process.

The second phase implements the electronic form of the BTI application and decision, and provides economic operators with a harmonised trader interface to submit the BTI application and receive the BTI decision electronically.

UCC Customs Decisions. The project relates to national and multi-Member State decisions defined by the Code, and covers system components developed centrally at Union level and integration with national components where Member States opt for these.

That system should, however, be supplemented by further financial incentives for fishermen to bring their waste fishing gear on shore to avoid any potential increase in the indirect waste fee to be paid.

As plastic components of fishing gear have high recycling potential, Member States should, in line with the polluter-pays principle, introduce extended producer responsibility for fishing gear and components of fishing gear containing plastic to ensure separate collection of waste fishing gear and to finance environmentally sound waste management of waste fishing gear, in particular recycling.

In the framework of an extended producer responsibility for fishing gear containing plastic, Member States should monitor and assess, in line with the reporting obligations laid down in this Directive, fishing gear containing plastic.

While all marine litter containing plastic poses a risk to the environment and to human health and should be tackled, proportionality considerations should also be taken into account.

Therefore, the fishermen themselves and artisanal makers of fishing gear containing plastic should not be considered as producers and should not be held responsible for fulfilling the obligations of the producer related to the extended producer responsibility.

Economic and other incentives to support sustainable consumer choices and promote responsible consumer behaviour can be an effective tool for achieving the objectives of this Directive.

Beverage bottles that are single-use plastic products are one of the marine litter items that are found the most on beaches in the Union.

This is due to ineffective separate collection systems and low participation in those systems by consumers. It is necessary to promote more effective separate collection systems.

Therefore, a minimum separate collection target should be established for beverage bottles that are single-use plastic products.

The setting of the separate collection target should be based on the amount of single-use plastic beverage bottles placed on the market in a Member State or alternatively on the amount of waste single-use plastic beverage bottles generated in a Member State.

The calculation of the amount of waste generated in a Member State should take due account of all waste single-use plastic beverage bottles generated, including those which become litter instead of being disposed of through waste collection systems.

Member States should be able to achieve that minimum target by setting separate collection targets for beverage bottles that are single-use plastic products in the framework of the extended producer responsibility schemes, by establishing deposit-refund schemes or by any other measure that they find appropriate.

That will have a direct, positive impact on the collection rate, the quality of the collected material and the quality of the recyclates, offering opportunities for the recycling business and the market for the recyclates.

Member States should therefore be required to take awareness raising measures ensuring that such information is provided to those consumers and users.

The information should not contain any promotional content encouraging the use of single-use plastic products.

Member States should be able to choose the measures which are the most appropriate based on the nature of the product or its use.

Producers of single-use plastic products and fishing gear containing plastic should cover the costs of the awareness raising measures as part of their extended producer responsibility obligations.

The aim of this Directive is to protect the environment and human health. As the Court of Justice has held on numerous occasions, it would be incompatible with the binding effect which the third paragraph of Article of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ascribes to a Directive, to exclude, in principle, the possibility of an obligation imposed by a Directive from being relied on by persons concerned.

That consideration applies particularly in respect of a Directive which has as its objective to prevent and reduce the impact of certain plastic products on the aquatic environment.

It is important to monitor the levels of marine litter in the Union in order to assess the implementation of this Directive.

That monitoring data is also to be communicated to the Commission. Member States should lay down rules on penalties applicable to infringements of national provisions adopted pursuant to this Directive and should take all measures necessary to ensure that they are implemented.

The penalties provided for should be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. The evaluation should provide the basis for an assessment of possible further measures, including the setting of Union-wide reduction targets for and beyond, and an assessment whether, in view of monitoring of marine litter in the Union, the Annex listing single-use plastic products needs to be reviewed and whether the scope of this Directive can be broadened to other single-use products.

In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Directive, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission in respect of the methodology for the calculation and verification of the annual consumption of single-use plastic products for which consumption reduction objectives have been set, the rules for the calculation and verification of the attainment of the targets on minimum recycled content for single-use plastic beverage bottles, the specifications for the marking to be affixed on certain single-use plastic products, the methodology for the calculation and verification of the collection targets of single-use plastic products for which separate collection targets have been set and the format for the reporting of data and information on the implementation of this Directive.

It is appropriate to allow Member States to choose to implement certain provisions of this Directive by means of agreements between the competent authorities and the economic sectors concerned, provided that certain requirements are met.

The fight against litter is a shared effort between competent authorities, producers and consumers. Public authorities, including the Union institutions, should lead by example.

Since the objectives of this Directive, namely to prevent and to reduce the impact of certain single-use plastic products, products made from oxo-degradable plastic and fishing gear containing plastic on the environment and on human health, and to promote the transition to a circular economy, including the fostering of innovative and sustainable business models, products and materials, thus also contributing to the efficient functioning of the internal market, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can rather, by reason of the scale and effects of the action, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union.

In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Directive does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve those objectives,.

The objectives of this Directive are to prevent and reduce the impact of certain plastic products on the environment, in particular the aquatic environment, and on human health, as well as to promote the transition to a circular economy with innovative and sustainable business models, products and materials, thus also contributing to the efficient functioning of the internal market.

This Directive applies to the single-use plastic products listed in the Annex, to products made from oxo-degradable plastic and to fishing gear containing plastic.

Those measures shall achieve a measurable quantitative reduction in the consumption of the single-use plastic products listed in Part A of the Annex on the territory of the Member State by compared to By 3 July , Member States shall prepare a description of the measures which they have adopted pursuant to the first subparagraph, notify the description to the Commission and make it publicly available.

Member States shall integrate the measures set out in the description into the plans or programmes referred to in Article 11 upon the first subsequent update of those plans or programmes in accordance with the relevant legislative acts of the Union governing those plans or programmes, or into any other programmes drawn up specifically for that purpose.

The measures may include national consumption reduction targets, measures ensuring that re-usable alternatives to the single-use plastic products listed in Part A of the Annex are made available at the point of sale to the final consumer, economic instruments such as instruments ensuring that those single-use plastic products are not provided free of charge at the point of sale to the final consumer and agreements as referred to in Article 17 3.

The measures may vary depending on the environmental impact of those single-use plastic products over their life cycle, including when they become litter.

Measures adopted pursuant to this paragraph shall be proportionate and non-discriminatory. In order to comply with the first subparagraph of this paragraph, each Member State shall monitor the single-use plastic products listed in Part A of the Annex placed on the market and the reduction measures taken and shall report on progress made to the Commission in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Article and Article 13 1 with a view to the establishment of binding quantitative Union targets for consumption reduction.

By 3 January , the Commission shall adopt an implementing act laying down the methodology for the calculation and verification of the ambitious and sustained reduction in the consumption of the single-use plastic products listed in Part A of the Annex.

That implementing act shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16 2. Member States shall prohibit the placing on the market of the single-use plastic products listed in Part B of the Annex and of products made from oxo-degradable plastic.

For the purposes of this Article, metal caps or lids with plastic seals shall not be considered to be made of plastic. By 3 October , the Commission shall request the European standardisation organisations to develop harmonised standards relating to the requirement referred to in paragraph 1.

Those standards shall in particular address the need to ensure the necessary strength, reliability and safety of beverage container closures, including those for carbonated drinks.

From the date of publication of the references to harmonised standards referred to in paragraph 3 in the Official Journal of the European Union , single-use plastic products referred to in paragraph 1 which are in conformity with those standards or parts thereof shall be presumed to be in conformity with the requirement laid down in paragraph 1.

By 1 January , the Commission shall adopt implementing acts laying down the rules for the calculation and verification of the targets established in the first subparagraph of this paragraph.

Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16 2.

Member States shall ensure that each single-use plastic product listed in Part D of the Annex placed on the market bears a conspicuous, clearly legible and indelible marking on its packaging or on the product itself informing consumers of the following:.

The harmonised marking specifications shall be established by the Commission in accordance with paragraph 2.

By 3 July , the Commission shall adopt an implementing act establishing harmonised specifications for the marking referred to in paragraph 1 that:.

Where multiple sales units are grouped at the point of purchase, each sales unit shall bear a marking on its packaging.

With regard to the single-use plastic products listed in Section III of Part E of the Annex to this Directive, Member States shall ensure that the producers cover, in addition, the costs of waste collection for those products that are discarded in public collection systems, including the infrastructure and its operation, and the subsequent transport and treatment of that waste.

The costs may include the setting up of specific infrastructure for the waste collection for those products, such as appropriate waste receptacles in common litter hotspots.

The costs to be covered referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3 shall not exceed the costs that are necessary to provide the services referred to therein in a cost-efficient way and shall be established in a transparent way between the actors concerned.

The costs of cleaning up litter shall be limited to activities undertaken by public authorities or on their behalf. The calculation methodology shall be developed in a way that allows for the costs of cleaning up litter to be established in a proportionate way.

To minimise administrative costs, Member States may determine financial contributions towards the costs of cleaning up litter by setting appropriate multiannual fixed amounts.

The Commission shall publish guidelines for criteria, in consultation with Member States, on the costs of cleaning up litter referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3.

Member States shall define in a clear way the roles and responsibilities of all relevant actors involved. Each Member State shall allow the producers established in another Member State and placing products on its market to appoint a legal or natural person established on its territory as an authorised representative for the purposes of fulfilling the obligations of a producer related to extended producer responsibility schemes on its territory.

Each Member State shall ensure that a producer established on its territory, which sells single-use plastic products listed in Part E of the Annex and fishing gear containing plastic in another Member State in which it is not established, appoints an authorised representative in that other Member State.

The authorised representative shall be the person responsible for fulfilling the obligations of that producer pursuant to this Directive on the territory of that other Member State.

Member States shall monitor fishing gear containing plastic placed on the market of the Member State as well as waste fishing gear containing plastic collected and shall report to the Commission in accordance with Article 13 1 of this Directive with a view to the establishment of binding quantitative Union collection targets.

The producers shall also cover the costs of the awareness raising measures referred to in Article 10 regarding fishing gear containing plastic.

The requirements laid down in this paragraph supplement the requirements applicable to waste from fishing vessels in Union law on port reception facilities.

Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure the separate collection for recycling:.

Single-use plastic products listed in Part F of the Annex placed on the market in a Member State may be deemed to be equal to the amount of waste generated from such products, including as litter, in the same year in that Member State.

The Commission shall facilitate the exchange of information and sharing of best practices among Member States on the appropriate measures to meet the targets laid down in paragraph 1, inter alia, on deposit-refund schemes.

The Commission shall make the results of such exchange of information and sharing of best practices publicly available.

By 3 July , the Commission shall adopt an implementing act laying down the methodology for the calculation and verification of the separate collection targets laid down in paragraph 1 of this Article.

Member States shall take measures to inform consumers and to incentivise responsible consumer behaviour, in order to reduce litter from products covered by this Directive, and shall take measures to inform consumers of the single-use plastic products listed in Part G of the Annex and users of fishing gear containing plastic about the following:.

The measures that Member States take to transpose and implement Articles 4 to 9 of this Directive shall comply with Union food law to ensure that food hygiene and food safety are not compromised.

Member States shall encourage the use of sustainable alternatives to single-use plastic where possible for materials intended to come into contact with food.

In order to determine whether a food container is to be considered as a single-use plastic product for the purposes of this Directive, in addition to the criteria listed in the Annex as regards food containers, its tendency to become litter, due to its volume or size, in particular single-serve portions, shall play a decisive role.

By 3 July , the Commission shall publish guidelines, in consultation with Member States, including examples of what is to be considered a single-use plastic product for the purposes of this Directive, as appropriate.

Member States shall, for each calendar year, report to the Commission the following:. Member States shall report the data and information electronically within 18 months of the end of the reporting year for which they were collected.

The data and information shall be reported in the format established by the Commission in accordance with paragraph 4 of this Article. The first reporting period shall be the calendar year , with the exception of points e and f of the first subparagraph for which the first reporting period shall be the calendar year The data and information reported by Member States in accordance with this Article shall be accompanied by a quality check report.

The data and information shall be reported in the format established by the Commission in accordance with paragraph 4. The Commission shall review the data and information reported in accordance with this Article and publish a report on the results of its review.

Season I. Division 1 Division 2 Division 3. Playoffs League Relegation. ESL Meisterschaft. Global Offensive. Berzerk 0 32p 4.

Unicorns of Love 21p 7. CPLAY 9p 9. No Limit Gaming 5p All matches are canceled. January 21, - CET. Dust II. January 28, - CET.

February 4, - CET. February 11, - CET. Round 5 [ edit ] Round 5 Matches February 18, expert expert. February 18, - CET. February 25, - CET.

Round 7 [ edit ] Round 7 Matches March 4, expert expert. March 4, - CET. Round 8 [ edit ] Round 8 Matches March 11, expert expert.

March 11, - CET. March 18, - CET. No Limit Gaming. ESL Germany. Season 1. Season 2. Season 3 Season 4.

Season 1 Season 2. Season 3 Season 4 Season 5.

Eu Meisterschaft 2019 Video

REICHT ES FÜR DEN TITEL? - PNBA EUROPAMEISTERSCHAFT 2019 - PRO MEN BODYBUILDING

The project aims to improve the business processes related to AEO applications and authorisations, taking into account changes to the legal provisions of the UCC.

In the first phase, the project aims to implement major improvements to the AEO system as part of the harmonisation of the customs decision-making procedure.

In the second phase, the project implements the electronic form of the AEO application and decision, and provide economic operators with a harmonised interface to submit the AEO application and receive the AEO decision electronically.

The upgraded system is deployed in two releases: part 1 for the submission of the AEO application and the decision-making process, and part 2 for the other subsequent processes.

This project aims to provide a minor upgrade of the existing trans-European EORI system that enables the registration and identification of Union and third-country economic operators and persons other than economic operators that are active in customs matters in the Union.

UCC Surveillance 3. It includes further data mining capabilities and reporting functionalities, therefore, which will be made available to the Commission and Member States.

Full implementation of this project is dependent on the projects listed in points 10 by 1 December at the latest and 14 by 31 December at the latest.

The date of deployment of this system has to be defined by the Member States as part of their national plans.

As implementation of the customs goods manifest is to be linked to the European Maritime Single Window, this part of the project will be covered under a separate phase.

The scope and implementation solution will be agreed during the project initiation phase. The aim of the project is to further develop the existing trans-European Export Control System in order to implement a full AES that will cover the business requirements for processes and data brought about by the UCC, including the coverage of simplified procedures and centralised clearance for export.

As such, the AES will enable the full automation of export procedures and exit formalities. The AES covers parts to be developed centrally and nationally, including the national components in which the export declaration is lodged and processed and which enable the subsequent exchange of information with the customs office of exit via the common components of the AES.

Where these elements do not impact on the common domain for AES, they can be covered under this component. The aim of this project is to develop a new trans-European system to support and streamline the INF data management processes and the electronic handling of INF data in the Special Procedures domain.

UCC Special Procedures. This project aims to accelerate, facilitate and harmonise Special Procedures across the Union by providing common business process models.

The national systems will implement all UCC changes required for customs warehousing, end-use, temporary admission, inward and outward processing.

Provides the required national electronic solutions for export-related special procedures activities. Provides the required national electronic solutions for import-related special procedures activities.

Implementation of these projects will take place through the projects listed in points 10 and To be defined by MS as part of the national plan with a deployment window till The goal of this project is to define the processes for Notification of Arrival of the means of transport, Presentation of the goods Presentation Notification and Declaration for Temporary Storage as described in the UCC and to support harmonisation in this respect across the Member States as regards the data exchange between trade and customs.

The project aims to implement all process and data requirements deriving from the UCC which relate to the import domain and which are not covered by one of the other projects defined in the work programme.

This project relates to the national import domain covering national customs declaration processing systems as well as other systems such as national accountancy and payment systems.

This project aims to allow goods to be placed under a customs procedure using centralised clearance, allowing economic operators to centralise their business from a customs viewpoint.

The processing of the customs declaration and the physical release of the goods should be coordinated between the related customs offices.

It concerns a trans-European system containing components developed centrally and nationally. Phase 1: this phase will cover the combination of centralised clearance with standard customs declarations and with simplified customs declarations and the respective supplementary declarations regularising one simplified customs declaration.

In addition it will cover the placing of goods under the following customs procedures: release for free circulation, customs warehousing, inward processing and end-use.

Finally, for the type of goods this phase will cover all types of goods with the exception of excise goods and goods subject to common agricultural policy measures.

This project aims to ensure the effective and efficient management of the different types of guarantees. To be defined by MS as part of the national plan with a deployment window till 2.

Release 1: as a first phase, this release will cover the obligation on the relevant economic operators postal operators and express carriers in air transport to provide the minimum data, i.

ENS pre-loading dataset. Release 2: as a second phase, this release will cover the implementation of complete new ENS obligations, related business and risk management processes for all the goods in air traffic.

Release 3: as a third phase, this release will cover the implementation of complete new ENS obligations, related business and risk management processes for all goods in maritime and inland waterways and road and rail traffic this includes goods in postal consignments transported in these means of transport.

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Article 6 Entry into force This Decision shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Done at Brussels, 13 December For the national systems or components, this date will be communicated as part of the published national project planning.

For trans-European systems with a deployment window but without a single implementation date, the Member States may, where deemed appropriate, start the deployment at an appropriate date within this window and may allow a period of time within which economic operators can migrate.

The start and end dates shall be communicated to the Commission. The common domain aspects will need to be carefully considered by the Commission and the Member States.

In implementing the work programme, the Commission and the Member States will need to carefully manage complexity in terms of dependencies, variables and assumptions.

The project is implemented in two phases. UCC Economic Operator Registration and Identification System upgrade EORI 2 This project aims to provide a minor upgrade of the existing trans-European EORI system that enables the registration and identification of Union and third-country economic operators and persons other than economic operators that are active in customs matters in the Union.

UCC Special Procedures This project aims to accelerate, facilitate and harmonise Special Procedures across the Union by providing common business process models.

This project will be implemented in two parts. UCC Notification of Arrival, Presentation Notification and Temporary Storage The goal of this project is to define the processes for Notification of Arrival of the means of transport, Presentation of the goods Presentation Notification and Declaration for Temporary Storage as described in the UCC and to support harmonisation in this respect across the Member States as regards the data exchange between trade and customs.

The project covers the automation of processes at national level. To be defined by MS as part of the national plan To be defined by MS as part of the national plan with a deployment window till UCC National Import Systems upgrade The project aims to implement all process and data requirements deriving from the UCC which relate to the import domain and which are not covered by one of the other projects defined in the work programme.

UCC Centralised Clearance for Import CCI This project aims to allow goods to be placed under a customs procedure using centralised clearance, allowing economic operators to centralise their business from a customs viewpoint.

By retaining the value of products and materials for as long as possible and generating less waste, the economy of the Union can become more competitive and more resilient, while reducing pressure on precious resources and the environment.

Marine litter is transboundary in nature and is recognised as a growing global problem. Reducing marine litter is a key action for the achievement of UN Sustainable Development Goal 14 which calls to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

The Union must play its part in preventing and tackling marine litter and aim to be a standard setter for the world.

In order for those efforts to be effective, it is also important that exports of plastic waste from the Union do not result in increased marine litter elsewhere.

Single-use plastic products include a diverse range of commonly used fast-moving consumer products that are discarded after having been used once for the purpose for which they were provided, are rarely recycled, and are prone to becoming litter.

A significant proportion of the fishing gear placed on the market is not collected for treatment. Single-use plastic products and fishing gear containing plastic are therefore a particularly serious problem in the context of marine litter, pose a severe risk to marine ecosystems, to biodiversity and to human health and damage activities such as tourism, fisheries and shipping.

Proper waste management remains essential for the prevention of all litter, including marine litter. However, the impact of those measures on marine litter is not sufficient and there are differences in the scope and the level of ambition amongst national measures to prevent and reduce marine litter.

In addition, some of those measures, in particular marketing restrictions for single-use plastic products, could create barriers to trade and distort competition in the Union.

To focus efforts where they are most needed, this Directive should cover only those single-use plastic products that are found the most on beaches in the Union as well as fishing gear containing plastic and products made from oxo-degradable plastic.

Glass and metal beverage containers should not be covered by this Directive as they are not among the single-use plastic products that are found the most on beaches in the Union.

Microplastics do not fall directly within the scope of this Directive, yet they contribute to marine litter and the Union should therefore adopt a comprehensive approach to that problem.

The Union should encourage all producers to strictly limit microplastics in their formulations. Terrestrial pollution and contamination of soil by larger items of plastic and resulting fragments or microplastics can be significant and such plastic can leak into the marine environment.

In the event of a conflict between those Directives and this Directive, this Directive should prevail within the scope of its application.

That is the case for restrictions on placing on the market. Single-use plastic products can be manufactured from a wide range of plastics.

Plastics are usually defined as polymeric materials to which additives may have been added. However, that definition would cover certain natural polymers.

Plastics manufactured with modified natural polymers, or plastics manufactured from bio-based, fossil or synthetic starting substances are not naturally occurring and should therefore be addressed by this Directive.

The adapted definition of plastics should therefore cover polymer-based rubber items and bio-based and biodegradable plastics regardless of whether they are derived from biomass or are intended to biodegrade over time.

Paints, inks and adhesives should not be addressed by this Directive and therefore these polymeric materials should not be covered by the definition.

The definition should exclude plastic products that are conceived, designed and placed on the market to accomplish within their life span multiple trips or rotations by being refilled or re-used for the same purpose for which they are conceived.

Single-use plastic products are typically intended to be used just once or for a short period of time before being disposed of.

Wet wipes for personal care and domestic use should also be within the scope of this Directive, whereas industrial wet wipes should be excluded.

To further clarify whether a product is to be considered a single-use plastic product for the purposes of this Directive, the Commission should develop guidelines on single-use plastic products.

In view of the criteria set out in this Directive, examples of food containers to be considered as single-use plastic products for the purposes of this Directive are fast-food containers or meal, sandwich, wrap and salad boxes with cold or hot food, or food containers of fresh or processed food that does not need further preparation, such as fruits, vegetables or desserts.

Examples of food containers that are not to be considered as single-use plastic products for the purposes of this Directive are food containers with dried food or food that is sold cold requiring further preparation, containers containing food in more than single-serve portions or single-serve portion-sized food containers sold in more than one unit.

Examples of beverage containers to be considered as single-use plastic products are beverage bottles or composite beverage packaging used for beer, wine, water, liquid refreshments, juices and nectars, instant beverages or milk, but not cups for beverages as these are a separate category of single-use plastic products for the purposes of this Directive.

As they are not among the single-use plastic products that are found the most on beaches in the Union, glass and metal beverage containers should not be covered by this Directive.

However, the Commission should, in the context of the review of this Directive, evaluate, inter alia, caps and lids made of plastic used for glass and metal beverage containers.

Single-use plastic products covered by this Directive should be addressed by one or several measures, depending on various factors, such as the availability of suitable and more sustainable alternatives, the feasibility of changing consumption patterns, and the extent to which they are already covered by existing Union legislation.

For certain single-use plastic products, suitable and more sustainable alternatives are not yet readily available and the consumption of most such single-use plastic products is expected to increase.

Member States should have the highest possible ambition for those measures, which should induce a substantial reversal of increasing consumption trends and lead to a measurable quantitative reduction.

Those measures should take into account the impact of products throughout their life cycle, including when they are found in the marine environment, and should respect the waste hierarchy.

Where Member States decide to implement that obligation through marketing restrictions, they should ensure that such restrictions are proportionate and non-discriminatory.

Member States should encourage the use of products that are suitable for multiple use and that are, after having become waste, suitable for preparing for re-use and recycling.

For other single-use plastic products, suitable and more sustainable alternatives that are also affordable are readily available. In order to limit the adverse impact of such single-use plastic products on the environment, Member States should be required to prohibit their placing on the market.

By doing so, the use of those readily available and more sustainable alternatives as well as of innovative solutions towards more sustainable business models, re-use alternatives and substitution of materials would be promoted.

The restrictions on placing on the market introduced in this Directive should also cover products made from oxo-degradable plastic, as that type of plastic does not properly biodegrade and thus contributes to microplastic pollution in the environment, is not compostable, negatively affects the recycling of conventional plastic and fails to deliver a proven environmental benefit.

Furthermore, in view of the high prevalence of expanded polystyrene litter in the marine environment and the availability of alternatives, single-use food and beverage containers and cups for beverages made of expanded polystyrene should also be restricted.

Tobacco product filters containing plastic are the second most found single-use plastic items on beaches in the Union.

The huge environmental impact caused by post-consumption waste of tobacco products with filters containing plastic, discarded directly into the environment, needs to be reduced.

Innovation and product development are expected to provide viable alternatives to filters containing plastic and need to be accelerated.

Extended producer responsibility schemes for tobacco products with filters containing plastic should also encourage innovation leading to the development of sustainable alternatives to tobacco product filters containing plastic.

Member States should promote a wide range of measures to reduce litter from post-consumption waste of tobacco products with filters containing plastic.

Caps and lids made of plastic which are used for beverage containers are among the single-use plastic items that are found the most on beaches in the Union.

Therefore, beverage containers that are single-use plastic products should only be allowed to be placed on the market if they fulfil specific product design requirements that significantly reduce the dispersal into the environment of beverage container caps and lids made of plastic.

Therefore, the timely development of a harmonised standard is of the highest priority in ensuring effective implementation of this Directive.

Sufficient time should be envisaged for the development of a harmonised standard and to allow the producers to adapt their production chains in relation to the implementation of the product design requirement.

In order to ensure the circular use of plastics, the market uptake of recycled materials needs to be promoted. It is therefore appropriate to introduce requirements for a mandatory minimum content of recycled plastic in beverage bottles.

Plastic products should be manufactured taking into account their entire life span. The design of plastic products should always take into account the production and use phase and the reusability and recyclability of the product.

Certain single-use plastic products end up in the environment as a result of inappropriate disposal through the sewer system or other inappropriate release into the environment.

Disposal through the sewer system can in addition cause substantial economic damage to sewer networks by clogging pumps and blocking pipes.

For those products, there is frequently a significant lack of information about the material characteristics of the product or the appropriate means of waste disposal.

Therefore, single-use plastic products that are frequently disposed of through the sewer system or otherwise inappropriately disposed of should be subject to marking requirements.

The marking should inform consumers about appropriate waste management options for the product or which waste disposal means are to be avoided for the product in line with the waste hierarchy, and about the presence of plastics in the product as well as the resulting negative environmental impact of littering or of other inappropriate means of disposal of the product.

The marking should, as appropriate, be either on the packaging of the product or directly on the product itself. The Commission should be empowered to establish harmonised specifications for the marking and when doing so should, where appropriate, test the perception of the proposed marking with representative groups of consumers to ensure that it is effective and easily understandable.

With regard to single-use plastic products for which no suitable and more sustainable alternatives are readily available, Member States should, in line with the polluter-pays principle, also introduce extended producer responsibility schemes to cover the necessary costs of waste management and clean-up of litter as well as the costs of awareness raising measures to prevent and reduce such litter.

Those costs should not exceed the costs that are necessary to provide those services in a cost-efficient way and should be established in a transparent way between the actors concerned.

Those requirements should apply to the extended producer responsibility schemes established by this Directive, irrespective of whether their mode of implementation is by legislative act or by means of agreements under this Directive.

The relevance of some requirements depends on the characteristics of the product. Separate collection is not required to ensure proper treatment in line with the waste hierarchy for tobacco products with filters containing plastic, wet wipes and balloons.

Therefore setting up separate collection for those products should not be mandatory. It should also be possible to cover the costs of the setting up of specific infrastructure for collection of post-consumption waste of tobacco products, such as appropriate waste receptacles in common litter hotspots.

The calculation methodology for the costs of cleaning up litter should take into account considerations of proportionality.

To minimise administrative costs, Member States should be able to determine financial contributions towards the costs of cleaning up litter by setting appropriate multiannual fixed amounts.

That system should, however, be supplemented by further financial incentives for fishermen to bring their waste fishing gear on shore to avoid any potential increase in the indirect waste fee to be paid.

As plastic components of fishing gear have high recycling potential, Member States should, in line with the polluter-pays principle, introduce extended producer responsibility for fishing gear and components of fishing gear containing plastic to ensure separate collection of waste fishing gear and to finance environmentally sound waste management of waste fishing gear, in particular recycling.

In the framework of an extended producer responsibility for fishing gear containing plastic, Member States should monitor and assess, in line with the reporting obligations laid down in this Directive, fishing gear containing plastic.

While all marine litter containing plastic poses a risk to the environment and to human health and should be tackled, proportionality considerations should also be taken into account.

Therefore, the fishermen themselves and artisanal makers of fishing gear containing plastic should not be considered as producers and should not be held responsible for fulfilling the obligations of the producer related to the extended producer responsibility.

Economic and other incentives to support sustainable consumer choices and promote responsible consumer behaviour can be an effective tool for achieving the objectives of this Directive.

Beverage bottles that are single-use plastic products are one of the marine litter items that are found the most on beaches in the Union.

This is due to ineffective separate collection systems and low participation in those systems by consumers. It is necessary to promote more effective separate collection systems.

Therefore, a minimum separate collection target should be established for beverage bottles that are single-use plastic products.

The setting of the separate collection target should be based on the amount of single-use plastic beverage bottles placed on the market in a Member State or alternatively on the amount of waste single-use plastic beverage bottles generated in a Member State.

The calculation of the amount of waste generated in a Member State should take due account of all waste single-use plastic beverage bottles generated, including those which become litter instead of being disposed of through waste collection systems.

Member States should be able to achieve that minimum target by setting separate collection targets for beverage bottles that are single-use plastic products in the framework of the extended producer responsibility schemes, by establishing deposit-refund schemes or by any other measure that they find appropriate.

That will have a direct, positive impact on the collection rate, the quality of the collected material and the quality of the recyclates, offering opportunities for the recycling business and the market for the recyclates.

Member States should therefore be required to take awareness raising measures ensuring that such information is provided to those consumers and users.

The information should not contain any promotional content encouraging the use of single-use plastic products. Member States should be able to choose the measures which are the most appropriate based on the nature of the product or its use.

Producers of single-use plastic products and fishing gear containing plastic should cover the costs of the awareness raising measures as part of their extended producer responsibility obligations.

The aim of this Directive is to protect the environment and human health. As the Court of Justice has held on numerous occasions, it would be incompatible with the binding effect which the third paragraph of Article of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ascribes to a Directive, to exclude, in principle, the possibility of an obligation imposed by a Directive from being relied on by persons concerned.

That consideration applies particularly in respect of a Directive which has as its objective to prevent and reduce the impact of certain plastic products on the aquatic environment.

It is important to monitor the levels of marine litter in the Union in order to assess the implementation of this Directive. That monitoring data is also to be communicated to the Commission.

Member States should lay down rules on penalties applicable to infringements of national provisions adopted pursuant to this Directive and should take all measures necessary to ensure that they are implemented.

The penalties provided for should be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. The evaluation should provide the basis for an assessment of possible further measures, including the setting of Union-wide reduction targets for and beyond, and an assessment whether, in view of monitoring of marine litter in the Union, the Annex listing single-use plastic products needs to be reviewed and whether the scope of this Directive can be broadened to other single-use products.

In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Directive, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission in respect of the methodology for the calculation and verification of the annual consumption of single-use plastic products for which consumption reduction objectives have been set, the rules for the calculation and verification of the attainment of the targets on minimum recycled content for single-use plastic beverage bottles, the specifications for the marking to be affixed on certain single-use plastic products, the methodology for the calculation and verification of the collection targets of single-use plastic products for which separate collection targets have been set and the format for the reporting of data and information on the implementation of this Directive.

It is appropriate to allow Member States to choose to implement certain provisions of this Directive by means of agreements between the competent authorities and the economic sectors concerned, provided that certain requirements are met.

The fight against litter is a shared effort between competent authorities, producers and consumers. Public authorities, including the Union institutions, should lead by example.

Since the objectives of this Directive, namely to prevent and to reduce the impact of certain single-use plastic products, products made from oxo-degradable plastic and fishing gear containing plastic on the environment and on human health, and to promote the transition to a circular economy, including the fostering of innovative and sustainable business models, products and materials, thus also contributing to the efficient functioning of the internal market, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can rather, by reason of the scale and effects of the action, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union.

In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Directive does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve those objectives,.

The objectives of this Directive are to prevent and reduce the impact of certain plastic products on the environment, in particular the aquatic environment, and on human health, as well as to promote the transition to a circular economy with innovative and sustainable business models, products and materials, thus also contributing to the efficient functioning of the internal market.

This Directive applies to the single-use plastic products listed in the Annex, to products made from oxo-degradable plastic and to fishing gear containing plastic.

Those measures shall achieve a measurable quantitative reduction in the consumption of the single-use plastic products listed in Part A of the Annex on the territory of the Member State by compared to By 3 July , Member States shall prepare a description of the measures which they have adopted pursuant to the first subparagraph, notify the description to the Commission and make it publicly available.

Member States shall integrate the measures set out in the description into the plans or programmes referred to in Article 11 upon the first subsequent update of those plans or programmes in accordance with the relevant legislative acts of the Union governing those plans or programmes, or into any other programmes drawn up specifically for that purpose.

The measures may include national consumption reduction targets, measures ensuring that re-usable alternatives to the single-use plastic products listed in Part A of the Annex are made available at the point of sale to the final consumer, economic instruments such as instruments ensuring that those single-use plastic products are not provided free of charge at the point of sale to the final consumer and agreements as referred to in Article 17 3.

The measures may vary depending on the environmental impact of those single-use plastic products over their life cycle, including when they become litter.

Measures adopted pursuant to this paragraph shall be proportionate and non-discriminatory. In order to comply with the first subparagraph of this paragraph, each Member State shall monitor the single-use plastic products listed in Part A of the Annex placed on the market and the reduction measures taken and shall report on progress made to the Commission in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Article and Article 13 1 with a view to the establishment of binding quantitative Union targets for consumption reduction.

By 3 January , the Commission shall adopt an implementing act laying down the methodology for the calculation and verification of the ambitious and sustained reduction in the consumption of the single-use plastic products listed in Part A of the Annex.

That implementing act shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16 2. Member States shall prohibit the placing on the market of the single-use plastic products listed in Part B of the Annex and of products made from oxo-degradable plastic.

For the purposes of this Article, metal caps or lids with plastic seals shall not be considered to be made of plastic. By 3 October , the Commission shall request the European standardisation organisations to develop harmonised standards relating to the requirement referred to in paragraph 1.

Those standards shall in particular address the need to ensure the necessary strength, reliability and safety of beverage container closures, including those for carbonated drinks.

From the date of publication of the references to harmonised standards referred to in paragraph 3 in the Official Journal of the European Union , single-use plastic products referred to in paragraph 1 which are in conformity with those standards or parts thereof shall be presumed to be in conformity with the requirement laid down in paragraph 1.

By 1 January , the Commission shall adopt implementing acts laying down the rules for the calculation and verification of the targets established in the first subparagraph of this paragraph.

Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16 2.

Member States shall ensure that each single-use plastic product listed in Part D of the Annex placed on the market bears a conspicuous, clearly legible and indelible marking on its packaging or on the product itself informing consumers of the following:.

The harmonised marking specifications shall be established by the Commission in accordance with paragraph 2.

By 3 July , the Commission shall adopt an implementing act establishing harmonised specifications for the marking referred to in paragraph 1 that:.

Where multiple sales units are grouped at the point of purchase, each sales unit shall bear a marking on its packaging.

With regard to the single-use plastic products listed in Section III of Part E of the Annex to this Directive, Member States shall ensure that the producers cover, in addition, the costs of waste collection for those products that are discarded in public collection systems, including the infrastructure and its operation, and the subsequent transport and treatment of that waste.

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